Hapoel Ra'anana Association Football Club was established in its current form in 1972, although the roots of the club can be traced back to the early 1950s, where a team operating under the same name played in the second tier. Historically, the team have spent much of their time in the lower divisions of Israel's football league pyramid, but have achieved a remarkable ascent through the leagues since the mid-1990s. They are based in the city of Ra'anana.
Having played for decades in the lower leagues, Hapoel Ra'anana were placed in Liga Gimel, the lowest tier of Israeli football, as recently as 1996-97. That year, they finished top of the league and gained promotion to Liga Bet. The following year, their success continued and they won that division, gaining promotion to the Liga Alef North Division.
The 1998-99 campaign saw the club finish top of that division, earning promotion to Liga Artzit in the process. After a third-place finish in 1999-00, they topped the league in 2000-01 and continued their ascent, reaching Liga Leumit, the country's second tier. Having established themselves in the division over a period of several years, Hapoel Ra'anana finally gained promotion to the Premier League ahead of the 2009-10 season. However, they were relegated at the end of the year and did not return until the 2013-14 season, after finishing the previous season as Liga Leumit runners up.
Amongst the notable players to have played for the club are Mamadou Thiam, Massimiliano Cavicchioli and Tamir Cohen.
The club are temporarily playing their home matches at the Netanya Stadium, which opened in 2012. The stadium is also utilised by Maccabi Netanya and was used to stage several games during the 2013 UEFA European Under-21 Football Championship. It has a capacity of 13,800, which can be expanded to around 24,000.