Founded in 1878 as Ipswich AFC, in 1888 the football team merged with the town's rugby club and became Ipswich Town Football Club. Nicknamed the Tractor Boys, the team did not turn professional until 1936 and did not join the Football League until two years later, in 1938.
In the late 1950s and early 1960s, the club began to rise through the English league system and was guided from the Third Division South up to the Football League's highest tier by legendary manager, Alf Ramsey.
Ramsey achieved unmatched success when, in 1961-62, he won the Football League Title with Ipswich Town in their first season in the top flight. Ramsey went on to win the World Cup with England a few years later. In 1969, Ipswich appointed another future England head coach, Bobby Robson, as the club's manager. Robson brought in several foreign stars, formed an exciting side and won the FA Cup in 1978, defeating Arsenal in the final. He followed that domestic success up by winning the UEFA Cup in 1981, beating Dutch side Alkmaar Zaanstreek (AZ) in the final.
Ipswich Town's Hall of Fame includes such names as George Burley, Frans Thijssen, Arnold Mühren and John Wark. Former England captain Mick Mills has made the most appearances for the club and he was part of both the FA Cup and UEFA Cup winning sides under Robson. Other noteable former players include Terry Butcher and Richard Wright.
Portman Road has been the club's home stadium since 1884. The ground was one of the first in England to utilise nets on the goals. Ipswich's record attendance for a home game is 38,010, set during an FA Cup tie with Leeds United AFC in 1975. The ground was converted into an all-seater stadium after the publication of the Taylor Report, with its capacity reduced to 22,600. In the 2000s the ground was redeveloped, bringing the capacity up to 30,311, which is where it stands today.