Maccabi Petah Tikva Football Club was founded in 1912 by a group of students from the city of Petah Tikva. The team are one of the oldest in Israeli football and have, on occasion, enjoyed major success. However, over the years, they have also suffered several relegations from the country's top division.
In 1935, the club picked up their first major honour, the Israel State Cup, after defeating Hakoah Tel Aviv in the competition's final. Four years later, they returned to the cup final, but were unsuccessful, losing to Hapoel Tel Aviv. The 1949-50 season saw Maccabi Petah Tikva feature in the first league campaign to take place after the declaration of independence.
The 1951-52 season was the greatest season in the team's history, as they picked up their second State Cup, after a 1-0 win over Maccabi Tel Aviv. In addition, they ended the league campaign as runners up. They have since gone on to finish in second place in the table in 1953–54 and 2004–05, but are yet to win an Israeli Premier League title. On three occasions, the team have won the Toto Cup, with those successes occurring in 1994–95, 1999–00 and 2003–04. Maccabi Petah Tikva have also won the Toto Cup Artzit, the second tier version of the competition, on two occasions, with those wins coming in 1990 and 1991.
Performances in domestic competitions have earned the club qualification to the UEFA Cup several times. Their most memorable European performance came in 2004-05, when they beat FK Baskimi 11-0 on aggregate and then knocked out Partizan Belgrade, before being eliminated in the group stage.
Maccabi Petah Tikva's home matches are played at HaMoshava Stadium, which is shared with Hapoel Petah Tikva. The stadium opened in 2011 and has a capacity of 11,500, with the option to expand it into a 20,000-seater venue in the future.