Parma Football Club was founded in 1913 and began playing league football in 1919. Upon the formation of Serie A and Serie B in 1929-30, Parma found themselves in Serie B, having gained promotion from the Prima Divisione in the previous season.
Throughout the years, Parma have bounced up and down between Serie A, Serie B and Serie C. The club has occasionally struggled and has effectively gone out of business on two occasions. Firstly, in 1968, after the club had fallen as far as Serie D, the club was liquidated. In 1970, another team, AC Parmense, inherited the former club's sporting license, adopting the club's name, badge and shirts. Then, in 2004, the club was declared insolvent after the financial crisis involving majority owners, Parmalat. The club was re-formed two months later.
Yet Parma have also enjoyed their fair share of success. The 1990s proved to be a particularly strong decade for the club, with the team winning two Coppa Italias, two UEFA Cups, the 1993 UEFA Super Cup and the 1992-93 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup. Although Parma have never won the league title, they did finish as runners up in the 1996-97 season, finishing just two points behind eventual champions Juventus. In 2001–02, the club added a third Coppa Italia to their trophy haul, beating Juventus in the final via the away goals rule.
Parma two biggest matches outside of the traditional powerhouses are against Reggiana and Bologna known as the Derby del Granna and Derby d'Emilia respectively.
Hernán Crespo is the club's all time leading goal scorer, having played for the club during two seperate spells. In total, Crespo scored 94 goals for the club. Other noteable players to represent Parma include: Gianfranco Zola, Faustino Asprilla, Fabio Cannavaro, Dino Baggio, Gianluigi Buffon, Lilian Thuram and Alberto Gilardino.
The club has played its home matches at the Stadio Ennio Tardini, also known as Il Tardini, since 1923. The ground has an all seater capacity of 23,045.