Associazione Sportiva Roma was founded in Rome in 1927, after Italo Foschi merged three former clubs from the city, Alba-Audace, Fortitudo-Pro Roma and Roman FC. The club's biggest rivals are Lazio, who were the only major Rome-based club to avoid the merger.
In the early years of the club's existence, Roma made their mark on the league, finishing as runners up to Juventus in the 1930-31 season. This was followed by another second place finish in 1935-36, with Roma missing out on the title by a single point.
Throughout history, Roma have had three main periods of success. During the Second World War, Alfréd Schaffer took over as the club's manager and guided the side to the league title in 1941-42. Roma were unable to build upon this success though and spent a period in the 1950s outside of the top flight. Success returned in the 1980s. First, Roma won Serie A for a second time in 1982–83 and the following season the team won the Coppa Italia. In 1984, the team reached the European Cup final, but lost to Liverpool on penalties. Most recently, the club enjoyed success in the early part of the new millennium, winning the title for a third time in 2000–01 and going on to enjoy back-to-back Coppa Italia triumphs in 2007 and 2008.
Early club legends include Amedeo Amadei, who scored over 100 goals for Roma in the two spells during the 30s and 40s and Bruno Conti, who won 1 league title and 4 Coppa Italias with the club. In recent times, Cafu and Vincenzo Montella have earned hero status. However, the club's biggest legend is surely current club captain Francesco Totti, who has spent his entire career with the club, winning the league title, setting appearance and goal scoring records along the way and earning the Italian Footballer of the Year award five times.
The club plays home matches at the Stadio Olimpico, a 70,634 seater stadum which is shared with their rivals, Lazio.