Sporting Clube de Portugal, commonly known as Sporting and sometimes referred to as Sporting Lisbon, was first established back in 1906. The team are considered one of the big three in Portugal, along with Benfica and FC Porto. Historically, across all competitions, Sporting have been the third most successful team in the country, behind those two rival sides.
The club were one of the founding members when the Primeira Liga was established in 1933. Since joining the league, Sporting have never been relegated from it. The team's golden era occured during the 1940s and 1950s, with Sporting winning ten league titles in an eighteen year period, combined with several other domestic honours.
In total, Sporting have won the Primeira Liga eighteen times. Their most recent successes came during 1999-00 and 2001-02 seasons. Additionally, the team have lifted the Portuguese Cup on thirteen occasions, including four wins during the 1970s. In terms of continental tournaments, Sporting have also enjoyed some signficant success, most notably by winning the 1963–64 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup. The team eventually overcame MTK Hungária in the final of the competition.
Throughout the years, Sporting have developed a reputation for nurturing world class players through their academy. Some of the best-known examples of academy graduates over the years have included Paulo Futre, Luís Figo and Cristiano Ronaldo, all of whom went on to play for the national team. Other notable players to have played for Sporting include names like Manuel Soeiro, Fernando Peyroteo, Manuel Fernandes, Rui Jordão and João Moutinho.
Since the venue's opening in 2003, Sporting have played their home matches at the Estádio José Alvalade, which replaced a previous stadium going by the same name. The ground hosted several matches during Euro 2004, has been awarded a 5-star rating by UEFA and is able to hold a maximum of 50,049 spectators.