Football Club Alaniya Vladikavkaz, known more simply as Alaniya, was founded back in 1921. From 1937 up until the 1990s, the club went by the name Spartak Ordzhonikidze.
Throughout the era of the Soviet Union, Alaniya only competed in the Soviet Top League on two occasions, in 1970 and in 1991, Their best finish in the division was an 11th place finish in '91, the league's final season. Most of the Soviet years, however, were spent in the second and third tiers. Yet, since the formation of the Russian Premier League in 1992, the club has seen a turnaround in its fortunes and has spent the vast majority of its time in the top division.
The 1990s represented a golden era for the club and in 1995, under the management of Valery Gazzaev, they won the Russian league title for the first time ever. The win was comprehensive, with Alaniya losing only three matches over the course of the season and as a result, they beat their closest rivals, Lokomotiv Moskva, by six points. The club finished as runners up in the league in 1992 and 1996 but were unable to sustain their form from this period. By the turn of the 21st century, Alaniya were regularly finishing in the bottom half of the division and at the end of the 2005 season, they were relegated. Since that time, they have bounced between the divisions, returning to the top flight ahead of the 2010 season and the 2012-13 season.
Some of the club's more notable former players include prolific striker Nazim Suleymanov; Mikhail Kavelashvili, who was top scorer during their title winning season and former Georgia international, Giorgi Demetradze.
Alaniya play their home matches at the Republican Spartak Stadium, in Vladikavkaz. The ground, which first opened in 1962, is able to hold a total of 32,464 supporters.