Cardiff City Football Club was founded in 1899 as Riverside AFC. In 1907, after Cardiff was granted city status, the team's name was changed to Cardiff City. Despite being based in Wales, the club has played in the English league system for the vast majority of its history, joining the Football League after the end of the First World War.
From 1908 until 2012 Cardiff City played in a blue and white home kit. However, after the club was taken over by Malaysian owners, the owners began a rebranding process in order to expand the club's global appeal. Eventually, the club decided to switch from their traditional colours to a red and black kit, in exchange for significant financial investment from the Malaysians, including stadium expansion, new training facilities and money to spend on players. Despite the change from blue to red, the club remain known as the Bluebirds and, at present, the team uses the old blue and white colours as an away strip.
During the 1920s, Cardiff City enjoyed success, finishing as league runners up in 1923–24, reaching the FA Cup final in 1925. The team won the Welsh Cup in 1920, 1922, 1923 and 1927 and also added the English FA Cup to their list of honours in 1927, beating Arsenal 1-0 in the final. In 2008, Cardiff once again reached the FA Cup final, but lost 1-0 to Portsmouth Football Club.
The Bluebirds have never played in the English Premier League however in 2010 they came desperately close to making it to the Promised Land, losing 3-2 to Blackpool Football Club in the Championship play-off final at Wembley Stadium.
Noteable former players include John Charles, considered by many to be Wales' best ever player, Trevor Ford, John Toshack and Aaron Ramsey.
The team plays its home matches at Cardiff City Stadium, a 26,828 seater stadium opened in 2009. The stadium is currently the second biggest stadium in Wales, behind the Millennium Stadium. In 2011, the club set a new record attendance of 26,058 for their match against Queens Park Rangers. Cardiff City share the stadium with the Cardiff Blues rugby union team. Prior to the move in 2009, Cardiff City had played at Ninian Park.