Neftçi Peşəkar Futbol Klubu, often known in English-speaking countries as Neftchi, was first established in March 1937. Nicknamed Xalq Komandası, which translates to 'Nation's Team', the club are the most famous and successful in the history of Azerbaijani football. Neftçi's main rivalry is with Khazar Lankaran and the rivalry is known as Böyük Oyun, which translates to 'The Great Game'. It is widely considered to be one of the most important matches in the country's football calendar.
During the Soviet era, the club enjoyed several spells in the Soviet Top League. Their best ever performance in the division came in the 1966 season, when they finished in 3rd place. This is also the greatest performance of any Azerbaijani team in the history of the Soviet league.
Since the formation of the Azerbaijan Premier League, Neftçi have emerged as the country's most dominant team, winning the league title a total of eight times, including consecutive wins in 2010–11, 2011–12 and 2012–13. They have also won the Azerbaijan Cup five times and have done the league and cup double in 1995–96, 2003–04 and 2012–13. In addition to their success at domestic level, the team progressed to the group stage of the UEFA Europa League in 2012. In the process, they became the first Azerbaijani club to reach that stage of a major European competition.
Some of the best players to have played for Neftçi include names like Nazim Aliyev, Gurban Gurbanov, Anatoliy Banishevskiy and Samir Alakbarov. All four players were prolific goalscorers during their time with the side. Samir Alakbarov is the club's all-time top scorer, while Nazim Aliyev is the Azerbaijan Premier League's greatest ever goalscorer.
The team play home matches at Bakcell Arena, which is also known as Eighth Kilometer District Stadium. The venue opened in September 2012 and is owned by the AFFA. It is currently able to hold a maximum of 11,000 supporters.