1. FK Příbram, usually known by the more simple name of Příbram, was established in 1996 after a merger between former clubs Dukla Praha and FC Příbram. Although another team currently operates in the Czech Republic under the name Dukla Praha, 1. FK Příbram are considered to be the legal and direct successor to that side. As a result of its complicated history, the club's foundation date varies between 1928, 1948 and 1996, depending on the source.
Previously, Dukla Praha had been an extremely successful side, who had earned eleven national titles during the 1950s, 1960s and 1970s. At the time of the merger, FC Příbram had been competing in the second tier of the Czech Republic's league system. In their first season as a joined team, Příbram finished top of the Druhá Liga and gained promotion to the Gambrinus Liga.
The 1996-97 season also saw the side's closest brush with major silverware to date, as Příbram reached the final of the Czech Cup. Unfortunately, they were beaten by Slavia Praha, after the match went to extra time. The club completed ten league seasons in the country's top tier before suffering relegation at the conclusion of the 2006-07 campaign. A second place finish in the Druhá Liga saw them bounce back at the first attempt. To date, their best ever performance at the top level came in 2000-01, where they finished the season in 4th place.
Several international players have competed for the club over the years, including Czech internationals Horst Siegl and Marek Kulič; Lithuanian international Marius Papšys and Togolese international Claude Videgla.
Příbram play their home matches at Na Litavce, which opened in 1955. The venue previously served as the home of FC Příbram and underwent major renovations in the late 1970s. Today, it is able to hold up to 9,100 supporters.