Silkeborg Idraetsforening, usually known as Silkeborg and occasionally known by the shortened name SIF, was first established back in 1917. The team would have to wait until 1987 to make their first appearance in the top flight of the Danish league system, but since that time, has only endured brief spells outside of the division.
The first of these spells came in 2003-04, but Silkeborg returned to the SuperLiga at the first attempt. A second spell outside of the division occurred in 2007 and lasted two years, until 2009.
Prior to these encounters with relegation, Silkeborg enjoyed a golden era during the 1990s and early 2000s. This era began with a league title victory in the 1993-94 season, which remains the team's only league win to date. In the 1997-98 season, the club once again challenged for the league title and eventually ended up in 2nd place. After the turn of the 21st century, Silkeborg's challenges for major honours continued and in 2001, they lifted the Danish Cup for the first time. In the competition's final, they overcame Akademisk Boldklub, winning the match 4-1. Over the years, the club has represented Denmark in a number of continental competitions, including the UEFA Champions League in 1994-95 and three UEFA Cup campaigns during the 1990s.
A number of talented players have worn the Silkeborg jersey throughout history, with some of the more notable examples including full Danish internationals like Martin Laursen, Jacob Laursen, Keld Bordinggaard, Peter Kjær and Rajko Lekić.
The team play their home matches at Silkeborg Stadion, which is now officially known as Mascot Park. The stadium is currently able to hold a maximum of 10,000 supporters, with 5,500 seated spaces. However, the record attendance was set at 12,288 for a match against Brøndby IF in 1995.