Football Club Sochaux-Montbéliard, often known as Sochaux or FCSM, was first established in 1928 by Jean-Pierre Peugeot, a major figure at the car manufacturer Peugeot. The club was initially intended to serve as a recreational activity for the company's staff members and Sochaux remain under Peugeot's ownership to this day.
Sochaux were instrumental in pushing for football in France to become professionalised and were one of the first to compensate their players with money. The club was a founding member of Ligue 1 in the 1932–33 season and remains one of a select few clubs from the inaugural Ligue 1 season to still be playing top flight football.
Domestically, the club has achieved several notable successes, including league title wins in 1934-35 and 1937-38. In between those two championship wins, Sochaux also lifted the Coupe de France for the first time, beating RC Strasbourg in the final in 1937. In the post-war years, the club struggled financially and bounced between Ligue 1 and Ligue 2 several times. In 1980-81, Sochaux made it all the way to the semi final stage of the UEFA Cup and in 2004 the club lifted the Coupe de la Ligue for the first time. Sochaux's most recent success came in 2007, with a second ever victory in the Coupe de France. This time, the club defeated Marseille in the final via a penalty shootout, in what was considered a major upset.
Some of the most important player's in the club's history include league title winning captain, Étienne Mattler and former French international, Roger Courtois. The club is famous for the quality of its youth academy and graduates include Yannick Stopyra, Bernard Genghini, Jérémy Ménez, Benoît Pedretti and El-Hadji Diouf.
Since 1931, Sochaux have played their home fixtures at the Stade Auguste Bonal. The stadium, which was completely reconstructed at the turn of the millennium, now holds a total capacity of 20,025 spectators.