Syrianska Football Club was established by the Syriac-Aramiac Federation in 1977. Based in Södertälje, the team initially operated as Suryoyo Sportklubb and adopted the name Syrianska in 1986. The club was created to represent the Syriac-Aramaic people and, as a result, has a unique fanbase, scattered throughout the world. Many Syriac-Aramaic people see the club as a substitute for not having an official national football team. Their local rivals are Assyriska Föreningen.
The team's ascent through the divisions of the Swedish league system has been relatively quick. Starting out in Division 7 East, by 1986, Syrianska were playing in Division 5 and by the 1990s, they had reached the third tier. At the turn of the 21st century, Syrianska had not yet advanced beyond the third tier. In 2001, they finished in 1st place, but missed out on promotion after losing a playoff match with Åtvidabergs FF. At the end of the 2008 campaign, they finally advanced to Sweden's second tier.
Syrianska experienced their greatest success to date in the 2010 season, as they won the Superettan to gain promotion to the top flight for the first time in the club's history. Over the course of the season, the club gained national press attention and several of their matches were broadcast on TV4, a major television network. In 2011, they finished their first Allsvenskan season in 14th place and then reached 13th place at the conclusion of the 2012 campaign, further consolidating their top flight status.
Amongst the notable players to have played for the team are Peter Ijeh, who was the club's top scorer in their 2010 promotion campaign and Suleyman Sleyman, who currently serves as the team's captain.
The side play their home matches at Södertälje Fotbollsarena, which first opened its doors in 2005. Matches are played on an artificial turf and the stadium is able to hold up to 6,400 spectators.