Vfl Wolfsburg was founded in 1945, seven years after the city of Wolfsburg itself was established. Originally known as VSK Wolfsburg, the club suffered from internal problems and went into crisis just a few months after its foundation, when all but one of the club's players left to play for FC Wolfsburg instead. Upon rebuilding the squad, the team became known as Vfl Wolfsburg.
In the years that followed, Wolfsburg made swift progress through the leagues, winning several amateur championships and eventually earning promotion to one of the 16 top tier leagues, the Oberliga Nord, in 1954. Their stay in the top tier was relatively short lived and they were relegated in 1959. After the establishment of the Bundesliga in 1963, Wolfsburg bounced between the second and third tiers for many years.
In 1995, Wolfsburg made it to the final of the DFB Cup, where they were beaten by Borussia Mönchengladbach. Two seasons later, Wolfsburg finally earned promotion to the Bundesliga, after finishing as runners up in the second tier. After establishing themselves as a top flight team, the team employed Felix Magath as manager. Magath led the club to an unlikely UEFA Cup qualification spot in the 2007-08 season. The following year, Wolfsburg enjoyed their biggest ever success, winning the Bundesliga ahead of Bayern Munich. Their performances over the season earned the club plaudits from around Europe and at one stage, the team enjoyed a ten game winning streak. Magath left the club in 2009, returned once again in 2011, but was sacked after a disappointing start to the 2012-13 season.
Notable players to represent Wolfsburg over the years include Stefan Effenberg, Edin Dzeko, Obafemi Martins and Grafite.
Since 2002, Wolfsburg have played their home matches at the Volkswagen Arena. The ground, which is occasionally used for music concerts, has a capacity of 30,000 for league matches.