Royal Sporting Club Anderlecht was first established in May 1908 and the team was officially registered the following year. Historically, they are Belgium's most successful team in domestic and continental competitions. The team's major rivals include Club Brugge, FC Brussels and Standard Liège.
Anderlecht first achieved promotion to the top flight at the conclusion of the 1920-21 season. Since their first title win in 1947, the club has never finished lower than sixth place in the league. During the 1960s, the team established real dominance over the league, putting together a sequence of five consecutive championship wins, beginning in the 1963-64 season and finishing in the 1967-68 season. They remain the only team from the country to achieve that many back-to-back titles.
In total, Anderlecht have won the Belgian First Division a record 31 times. Other major domestic success has come in the shape of nine Belgian Cup wins and one Belgian League Cup win. The 1970s and 1980s also saw the club achieve significant success in European competitions. In 1976 and 1978, they won the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup and in 1977 they were beaten finalists in the competition. Both 1976 and 1978 also saw Anderlecht win the UEFA Super Cup. Then, in 1983 and 1984, they reached consecutive UEFA Cup finals, winning on the first occasion and losing to Tottenham via a penalty shootout in the second final. These successes meant that by 1986, UEFA ranked them the joint top club side in Europe, along with Juventus.
Amongst the most notable players to play for Anderlecht are former team captain Franky Vercauteren, prolific goalscorer Joseph Mermans and former Belgian international Paul Van Himst, who holds the record for most appearances for the club.
The team play their home games at Constant Vanden Stock Stadium, formerly known as Emile Versé Stadium. The ground is rated 5-stars by UEFA, was used as a venue for UEFA Euro 1972 and is able to hold 28,063 supporters.